To become fully integrated, BIMP-EAGA needs an efficient and secure transport network that seamlessly moves goods and people within and across borders. Interconnecting the subregion by land, air, and water also opens livelihood opportunities in rural communities and improve their access to services.
There has been significant progress in enhancing connectivity in the subregion with transport agreements signed since 2007. However, much still needs to be done to create a seamless and safe multimodal transport network.
BIMP-EAGA has drawn up a roadmap with the following measures:
- Increase air, land, and sea transport connectivity within and between the priority economic corridors of Greater Sulu-Sulawesi Corridor and West Borneo Economic Corridor.
- Improve transport facilitation by enhancing the scope and substance of existing agreements on land, air, and sea transport and ensuring the deals are fully implemented. BIMP-EAGA plans to regulate the safe passage of small vessels carrying goods for barter. It is also working to adopt a common permit scheme for buses and coaches plying Borneo Island and speed up talks on establishing a third-party vehicle insurance system.
- Improve infrastructure and facilities at designated priority seaports, airports, and land routes. BIMP-EAGA wants to complete the upgrade of priority airports, seaports and related facilities, as well as roads leading to ports from production areas, including from the hinterlands.
- Ensure infrastructure projects are aligned with plans for the other priority sectors in developing value chains and logistics services, and tourism-related transport connectivity. BIMP-EAGA will prioritize the transport requirements of the tourism, trade and investment, and agribusiness sectors.